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Photo by Dr. Giorgios Boudalis of my previous samples  currently on view as part of The Codex and Crafts in Late Antiquity at the Bard Graduate Center Gallery 18  West 86th Street, NYC USA.

The stitch used to make these socks was also used to make books in Late Antiquity.

This Coptic Sock project was at the request of Dr Giorgios Boudalis, curator of the exhibition.



My name is Regina De Giovanni BA (Hons) Comparative Religion (Major in Egyptology and Greek Religion) I have studied textile construction and decoration for many years and undertook a City and Guilds in Textile Structures which covered a comprehensive range of techniques listed below.

1. Woven Structures

Tapestry - traditional techniques

Rug Weaving - rag, pile and flat techniques using 2 shaft, loom or frames

Loom Weaving - rigid heddle, basic four shaft weaves

2. Knitted and Crochet Structures

Hand knitting - stitches, terms, shaping

Machine Knitting - setting up and using a single bed machine

Crochet - basic stitches, terms, shaping

Hairpin Crochet

Irish Crochet

Broomstick Crochet

Tunisian Crochet


3. Knotted Structures


Macramé - basic knot terms

Ornamental Knots - Monkey's fist, Turk's Head, Josephine knot and many more.

4. Lace Structures


Bobbin Lace - basic terms, Torchon

Knitted Lace

Crochet Lace

Woven Lace (not needle woven)

5. Fibres and Dyeing

Identification of fibres and their properties

Natural dyeing of fleece, fibres and yarns

The design of yarns using a spindle

6. Braids

Finger Knitting


Cords and Tassels


Tablet Weaving

Inkle Weaving